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60th Troop Carrier Group

Group

Although with the Twelfth Air Force, the Group flew its C-47 Skytrains from St. Eval and Predannack airfields in Cornwall, England for its first mission: dropping paratroops into Oran, Algeria, in the early hours of Operation Torch, which began on 8 November 1942. The Group dropped paratroops into behind the lines during the Allied ground invasions of Tunisia, Sicily and Greece. The Group also dropped military supplies to partisan forces in the Balkans.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 60th Transport Group on 20 Nov 1940. Activated on 1 Dec 1940 Prepared for duty overseas with C-47’s. Moved to England in Jun 1942. Redesignated 60th Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942.

Received additional training in England, then assigned to Twelfth AF for operations in the Mediterranean theatre. Flew its first mission on 8 Nov 1942, transporting paratroops from England and dropping them at Oran during the early hours of the invasion of North Africa. Operated from bases in Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy until after V-E Day.

Participated in the battle for Tunisia, dropping Para troops near the combat area on two occasions. Trained with gliders during Jun 1943, then towed gliders to Syracuse and dropped Para troops behind enemy lines at Catania when the Allies invaded Sicily in Jul. Dropped Para troops at Megava during the airborne invasion of Greece in Oct 1944. When not engaged in airborne operations, the group transported men and supplies and evacuated wounded personnel. Flew to northern Italy in Oct 1943 to drop supplies to men who had escaped from prisoner-of war camps.

Received a DUC for supporting the partisans in the Balkans, Mar-Sep 1944: flew at night, unarmed, over unfamiliar and mountainous enemy territory and landed on small, poorly-constructed airfields to provide guns, ammunition, clothing, food, medical supplies, gas, oil, jeeps, mail, and mules for underground forces in Yugoslavia, Albania, and Greece; evacuated wounded partisans and escaped prisoners; also dropped propaganda leaflets. Moved to Trinidad in June 1945 and assigned to Air Transport Command. Inactivated on 31 Jul 1945.

Structure

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Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Chelveston 12 June 1942 – 7 August 1942
Based Aldermaston 7 August 1942 – October 1942
Assigned 12th Air Force November 1942
Assigned Air Transport Command June 1945

Connections

People

  • Donald Adsmson

    Military | pilot | 60th Troop Carrier Group

  • Joseph Beck

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 439th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 12TCS, 60TCG, 8AF [later 12AF] USAAF. Transferred to 94TCS, 439TCG, 9AF USAAF. ...

  • Richard Howes

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 60th Troop Carrier Group
    Was with 8th at Chelveston while 60th Transport Group was trained to move troops and equipment around Europe. Was with 8th from Jun '42 to No '42 when moved to the 12th AF at Algeria. ...

  • Pat Meeks

    Military | Second Lieutenant | 60th Troop Carrier Group
    Reported died of asphyxia with no details by Losses. Was assigned to Troop Carrier group

  • John Orbon

    Military | Private | 60th Troop Carrier Group
    Orbon was dishonorably discharged from the USAAF in December 1942 for behaving with disrespect towards, drawing a loaded weapon against, and threatening to kill his superior officer Edward W Barbee on 16 October 1942. ...

  • Thomas Telzrow

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 60th Troop Carrier Group
    transferred to 12th AF in Oct of '42. Flew the longest unescorted paratroop operation in USAF history. Landing elements of the 2 BT 503 Para Inf on 7 Nov '42 at Oran, Tunisia. Dropped Brit paras near Catania, Sicily. Served in No Africa and Sicily ...

  • John Walch

    Military | Major | Navigator | 25th Bomb Group
    KIA 19 March 1945. OSS KIA OSS mission(during CHISEL insertion mission) to Munster, Germany. A26 crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination. to Munster, Germany. DFC, BSM

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation: MTO, 28 Mar-15 Sep 1944.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 June 2021 07:40:33 Emily Changes to motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, air forces and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983).

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