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314th Troop Carrier Group

Group

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 314th Transport Group on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 2 Mar 1942. Redesignated 314th Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942. Used C-47's and C-53's in preparing for duty overseas.

Moved to the Mediterranean theatre in May 1943 and assigned to Twelfth AF for participation in two airborne operations. Flew two night missions during the invasion of Sicily in Jul 1943: released paratroops of 82d Airborne Division near Gela on 9 Jul; dropped reinforcements in the area on 11 Jul, receiving a DUC for carrying out this second mission in spite of bad weather and heavy attack by ground and naval forces. Took part in the invasion of Italy by dropping paratroops and sup plies near Salerno on 14 and 15 Sep 1943.

Moved to England in Feb 1944 for operations with Ninth AF. Trained for the invasion of western Europe. Dropped paratroops in Normandy on 6 Jun 1944 and flew a resupply and reinforcement mission the following day, receiving a DUC for these operations. Released paratroops over Holland during the airborne attack in Sep and flew follow-up missions to provide reinforcements and supplies.

Moved to France, Feb-Mar 1945. Released gliders carrying troops and equipment to the Wesel area on Mar 1945 when the Allies launched the airborne assault across the Rhine. Continually transported freight in the Mediterranean and European theaters, when neither training for, nor participating in airborne operations; hauled supplies such as food, clothing, gasoline, aircraft parts, and ammunition. Also carried wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals.

After V-E Day, evacuated Allied prisoners from Germany, and later made scheduled flights to transport freight and personnel in Europe. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the US in Feb 1946.

Structure

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Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Stations

Station Location Date
Assigned 12th Air Force May 1943
Based Saltby February 1944 – March 1945
Assigned 9th Air Force February 1944
Based Poix-en-Picardie February 1945 – October 1945

Connections

People

  • Grover Alexander

    Military | Corporal | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Killed in a crash at Shelf Moor 24 July 1945 while flying C-47 Skytrain 42-108982 from Poix to Renfrew.

  • Bennett Allen

    Military | Major | Glider pilot | 314th Troop Carrier Group

  • Mitchell Bacon

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio operator | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 50TCS, 314TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) re-supply Cotentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; Tracer started fire in fuselage, after dropping supplies, A/C took more tracer and then crashed in vicinity of Ste-Marie-Eglise. Killed in Action (KIA)...

  • Andrew Barraco

    Military | Corporal | Radio operator | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 32TCS, 314TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) re-supply mission to Cotentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; A/C downed by flak, found crashed and burnt out 1 mile NE Sebeville, FR. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 5697 Awards: AM, PH.

  • Robert Bennett

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 32TCS, 314TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Re-Supply mission to Cotentin peninsula in C-47 43-15146; A/C crashed 2 miles NNE of Picauville. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 5712 Awards: AM, POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • William Buckley

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Killed in action on 18 September 1944 when C-47 42-93001 crashed at Rhenen during a Market Garden Operation.

  • Earl Burns

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Killed in a crash at Shelf Moor 24 July 1945 while flying C-47 Skytrain 42-108982 from Poix to Renfrew.

  • Isadore Caplan

    Military | 314th Troop Carrier Group

  • Vincent Chiodo

    Military | 314th Troop Carrier Group

  • Edward Daley

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Crew chief | 314th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 50TCS, 314TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) re-supply Cotentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; Tracer started fire in fuselage, after dropping supplies, A/C took more tracer and then crashed in vicinity of Ste-Marie-Eglise. Killed in Action (KIA)...

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Aircraft

  • 41-18603

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 41-38679

    C-47 Skytrain
    Assigned to 32TCS, 314TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) re-supply mission to Cotentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; A/C downed by flak, found crashed and burnt out 1 mile NE Sebeville, FR. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 5697

  • 42-100896

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-108982

    C-47 Skytrain
    Crashed at Shelf Moor 24 July 1945 en route from Poix to Renfrew. The crew consisting of George Johnson, Earl Burns, Beverly Izlar, Theodore McCrocklin and Francis Maloney and two passengers, Grover Alexander and John Dunlop Main of the RAF were all...

  • 42-23366

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-5689

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-68761

    C-53 Skytrooper

  • 42-68809

    C-53 Skytrooper

  • 42-92839

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-93002

    C-47 Skytrain
    C-47 42-93002 took part in the airborne assault on D-Day. The aircraft was carrying members of the 82nd Airborne and was reported to be taking violent evasive action over the drop zone, near Ste Mere Eglise to avoid enemy fire. The aircraft was last...

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citations: Sicily, 11 Jul 1943; France, 6-7 Jun 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 June 2021 12:02:05 Emily Changes to motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, air forces and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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