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313th Troop Carrier Group

Group

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 313th Transport Group on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 2 Mar 1942. Redesignated 313th Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942. Trained for overseas duty with C-47’s and C-53’s.

Moved to North Africa, Apr-May 1943, and assigned to Twelfth AF. Trained for the invasion of Sicily and entered combat on the night of 9 Jul 1943 by dropping paratroops near Gela. Although attacked by ground and naval forces while carrying reinforcements to Sicily on the night of 11 Jul, the group completed the mission and received a DUC for the performance. Transported supplies and evacuated wounded in the Mediterranean area until late in Aug when the group moved to Sicily for the invasion of Italy. Dropped paratroops of 82d Airborne Division south of Salerno on the night of 13 Sep 1943 and flew a reinforcement mission the following night.

Resumed transport activities in the theater until Feb 1944, and then joined Ninth AF in England. Prepared for the invasion of France and on D-Day 1944, released paratroops near Picauville; dropped reinforcements over the same area on 7 Jun, being awarded second DUC for its part in the invasion.

Dropped paratroops near Arnheim and Nijmegen on 17 Sep during the airborne attack on Holland and released gliders carrying reinforcements to that area on 18 and 23 Sep. Moved to France, Feb-Mar 1945, and received G 46‘s for the airborne assault across the Rhine; dropped paratroops of 17th Airborne Division near Wesel on 24 Mar.

When not engaged in airborne operations the group evacuated wounded personnel and ex-prisoners of war, and also transported cargo such as ammunition, gasoline, medical supplies, and food until after V-E Day. Returned to the US, Aug-Sep 1945. Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
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Stations

Station Location Date
Assigned 12th Air Force April 1943
Assigned 9th Air Force February 1944
Based Folkingham 4 February 1944 – 28 February 1945
Based Achiet 28 February 1945 – 8 May 1945

Connections

People

  • Luke Anderson

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Crewchief | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Luke Anderson was Crewchief on 42-23529, and flew all missions from Husky to Market

  • Robert Anuszewski

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Robert J Anuszewski was Crewchief on C47 42-32877 during all the war. With that aircraft he flew Husky 1 and 2, Giant 1 and 2, Neptune 1 (D-day) and 2. And 3 missions in Market (not confirmed) His aircraft did not miss any mission.

  • John Bagley

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 49TCS, 313TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) re-supply mission to Cotentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; A/C crashed in swamp Kairtan, FR Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 6013 Awards: PH.

  • George Basel

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 313th Troop Carrier Group

  • John Birchman

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Crewchief | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    John Birchman, a C-47 aircraft crew chief (42-32865), received his training and in April 1943 deployed to North Africa as part of the Operation Torch Landings and was assigned to Ouja Airfield, French Morocco. He spent the next two years and three...

  • Bert Blendinger

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Blendinger was pilot in 47th TCS. Hi was co-pilot in 42-23386 on Neptune 1 and 2. Pilot on the same aircraft during Market. Under Varsity he was pilot on 44-77581 that was shot down.

  • Harry Bowers

    Military | Corporal (5th Grade) | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Bowers was radiooperator in 42-32877 on Giant 2 mision.

  • Allen Braem

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    He was in 47th TCS from the start and flew the first missions as Co-pilot. At Giant 2 he was pilot on 42-32877. At D-day he flew 42-32867, which got some damage, and grounded on the day after. He was at the Squadron until end of war and flew all missions.

  • Thomas Breeden

    Military | First Lieutenant | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Thomas M Breeden was pilot in 47th TCS. On D-Day he got glasssplinters in one eye, and was probably not able to fly anymore.

  • William Brooks

    Military | Second Lieutenant | 313th Troop Carrier Group
    Co-pilot on 42-32877 on D-day

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Aircraft

  • 41-38698

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-23644

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-23646

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-24177

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-92064

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-92868

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 43-15048

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 43-15632

    C-47 Skytrain
    Assigned to HQ Sqn, 313TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) troop re-supply mission to Cherbourg peninsula 7-Jun-44; Crossing coast into France hit by flak in port engine, carried onto DZ, dropping supplies, coming off the DZ, hit in starboard engine...

  • 43-15637

    C-47 Skytrain
    Assigned to 49TCS, 313TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Re-supply mission to Carentin peninsula 7-Jun-44; Crashed in swamp Kairtan, FR 4 x POW, 3 x KIA. MACR 6013

  • 43-16049

    C-47 Skytrain

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citations : Sicily, 11 Jul 1943; France, 6-7 Jun 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 June 2021 11:45:56 Emily Changes to insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, air forces, aircraft types and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
10 February 2017 10:36:42 general ira snapsorter Changes to stations
Sources

Station updated with details from:
- "Battle Colors Volume III - Insignia and Tactical Markings of the Ninth Air Force in World War Two' by Robert A. Watkins;

Date Contributor Update
10 February 2017 10:29:47 general ira snapsorter Changes to type, person associations and media associations
Sources

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- AAM Ingest

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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