Skip to main content
Edit entry 

Julian M Bleyer


Pilot B-24 41-11896 flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, returning safely to Libya.

DSC Citation:
"Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps) Julian M. Bleyer, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in Headquarters, 98th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Lieutenant Colonel Bleyer flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds, and then brought his crew safely back to base without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and zealous devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Colonel Bleyer on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces."



  • Jack Rumsey

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying in B-24 Liberator 41-11896 'Nightmare'. Awards: DFC, AM, WWII Victory, EAME.

Units served with

  • 9th Air Force
  • 98th Bomb Group

    98th Bomb Group

    The 98th trained for bombardment missions with B-24 Liberators during the first half of 1942. ...

  • 343rd Bomb Squadron

    343rd Bomb Squadron

    Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron and trained by Third Air Force. Deployed to Egypt in June 1942 over South Atlantic Transport Route transiting from Morrison Field, Florida though the Caribbean to Brazil; performed trans-Atlantic...


  • 41-11896 'Nightmare'

    B-24 Liberator
    Flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, pilot Lt. Col. Julian M. Bleyer, returning safely to Libya. Shot down on 3rd Sep 43 mission to bomb Sulmona, Italy marshaling yards, pilot Herman E Stephens - 7 KIA / 3 POW MACR 463


  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57 B...

Associated Place

  • Benina

    Military site : airfield


Event Location Date
Born Dawson, Tulsa, OK 74115, USA 18 April 1915

Son of Chester and Madge Bleyer.

Pilot training 1936

Primary flight training - 1936

Enlisted February 1936
Pilot training February 1936

Basic flight training - 1936

Pilot training 1937 – 20 June 1937

Advanced flight training - 1937

Promotion 20 June 1937

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant.

Promotion 9 September 1940

Promoted 1st Lieutenant.

Promotion 1 February 1942

Promoted Captain.

Assigned Benghazi, Libya 1943 – 1944

343rd BS, 98th BG, 9th AF.

Promotion 7 May 1943

Promoted Major.

Survived Ploesti Ploiești, Romania 1 August 1943

Pilot B-24 41-11896 flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, returning safely to Libya.

Promotion 27 April 1944

Promoted Lieutenant Colonel.

Died Brevard County, FL, USA 4 March 2002
Buried Brevard Memorial Park Cocoa Brevard County, FL April 2002

Brevard Memorial Park
Brevard County, FL


Date Contributor Update
12 January 2021 21:54:08 Al_Skiff Changes to events

Date Contributor Update
12 January 2021 20:54:35 Al_Skiff Changes to biography and events

Date Contributor Update
04 July 2020 14:53:57 decwriter Changes to service number and awards

NARA verified awards and Service Number.

Date Contributor Update
12 February 2018 14:43:16 Al_Skiff Changes to service number, biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations

Date Contributor Update
12 February 2018 12:50:36 decwriter Changes to events

Find a Grave data for birth and death dates.

Date Contributor Update
12 February 2018 12:46:16 decwriter Changes to awards

Service with the 98th BG.

Date Contributor Update
12 February 2018 12:38:42 decwriter Changes to highest rank

Achieved Colonel rank in his career.

Date Contributor Update
17 April 2015 15:41:32 Al_Skiff Created entry with surname, middlename, firstname, nationality, highest rank, role, biography, events, unit associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources / MACR 463 /