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Toscha Melody Massey


Shot down 14 October 1943 in B-17 #42-3216 'The Joker. ' Killed in Action (KIA). Missing Air Crew Report #841
Earlier on 10/10/1943 in B-17#42-29557 'Yankee Girl' returning from mission, struck hanger at RAF Desford.


Units served with

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 545th Bomb Squadron


  • 42-29557 Yankee Gal

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 4/1/43; Salina 12/1/43; Homestead 1/2/43; Morrison 9/2/43; Assigned 366BS/305BG [KY-O] Chelveston 10/2/43; transferred 547BS/384BG [SO-S] Grafton Underwood 20/9/43; battle damaged Munster 10/10/43, with Bill Kopf, Co-pilot: Alf Scott,...

  • 42-3216 The Joker

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 1/4/43; Dow Fd 13/5/43; Assigned 545BS/384BG [JD-S] Grafton Underwood 29/5/43; Missing in Action Schweinfurt 14/10/43 with Bill Kopf, Co-pilot: Alf Scott, Navigator: Toscha Massey, Ball turret gunner: Clyde Smith, Waist gunner: Leroy...


  • VIII Bomber Command 115

    14 October 1943
    This was the 2nd mission flown against the ball bearing industry at Schweinfurt, Germany and was as equally disastrous as that flown on 17-Aug-43. It came to be known as "Black Thursday". While fighter escort was dispatched, bad weather and lack of...

Associated Place

  • Grafton Underwood

    Military site : airfield
    Grafton Underwood was built in 1941 by George Wimpey and Co. Ltd. It was the first airfield in England to receive an Eighth Air Force flying unit, when in May 1942 personnel of the 15th Bomb Squadron took up residence. As a satellite airfield for...


Event Location Date
Born Missouri, USA 9 June 1923
Enlisted Missouri, USA 9 April 1942

Enlisted ASN: 17061631 Residence: Wright County, Missouri
Private, Air Corps

Assigned Grafton Underwood, Kettering, Northamptonshire NN14, UK 19 September 1943

Assigned to the 384th BG 547th BS on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #99 dated 19 September 1943, William E. Kopf Crew. Four combat missions.

Killed in Action (KIA) Germany 14 October 1943
Buried Mountain Grove, MO 65711, USA

Hillcrest Cemetery
Mountain Grove
Wright County
Missouri, USA
Plot: SE 1st 13-2


Date Contributor Update
12 June 2016 03:10:45 bombercommand Changes to middlename, service number, role, biography, awards, events, place associations, mission associations and media associations

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:26:14 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 841 / MACR 841, Losses of the 8th & 9th AFs Vol. I by Bishop & Hey p p. 327, 336 , / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database