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Martin J Kilcoyne


He flew on Arthur Crapsey crew. Reported to group on 19 Nov 1943. Completed 32 missions from Oct 1943-Sept 1944. He was injured on his second mission to Osnabruck, 22 Dec. 1943. He returned to active duty in April 1944 as a spare crewmember.

AM 3/OLC; DFC; PH; 3 Battle Stars;
Martin went on to study Russian history gaining a doctorate. He researched the career of Lt. General Frank Armstrong who commanded the 306th for just six weeks in 1943.


Units served with

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 367th Bomb Squadron


  • 42-39776 Tar Heel Peggy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 28/8/43; Scott 8/10/43; Assigned 423BS/306BG [RD-K]Thurleigh 13/10/43; Missing in Action Erding 24/4/44 with John Coughlin, Co-pilot: Allan Johnson, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Madison Beasley, Ball turret gunner: Tom Flores...


  • VIII Bomber Command 151

    11 December 1943
    This mission is a massive raid of 583 heavy bombers on the industrial areas of Emden, Germany. The first element is a combined force of 242 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that included: 91BG (24); 92BG (18); 303BG (20); 305BG (21); 306BG (20); 351BG (40)...

  • VIII Bomber Command 161

    22 December 1943
    This mission is composed of two forces directed at two separate targets, the communication centers at Osnabruck and Munster, Germany. The force attacking at Osnabruck is composed of two elements. The first element is composed of 227 B-17s (2 are PFF...

  • 361

    22 May 1944
    From diary of Lt. David W. Leblanc: "Was up at four for a mission to Kiel, Germany. I went as first pilot and Rocky as my co-pilot. Every thing went along swell except at target. Flack was moderate but extremely accurate. Two ships in the lead squadron...

  • 364

    23 May 1944

  • 382

    31 May 1944
    Bombed the marshaling yards. Heavy flak but no hits.

  • 388

    3 June 1944

  • 394

    6 June 1944
    D-Day. Start of Operation Overlord.

  • 405

    11 June 1944
    Flew a sortie flight to the French Coast at 24,000 feet. 8th Combat Flight. No flak.

  • 407

    12 June 1944
    Willie Hussong got his arm caught in the door of the lower ball turret. Palmer and Rollinger pried him out with a gun barrel. Bombed an airfield. Hussong hospitalized.

  • 412

    14 June 1944
    Mission #10. Bombed an airfield south of Brussels. Bob Martin flew in place of Hussong.

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Event Location Date
Died 29 March 1989
Buried Greenville, North Carolina


Date Contributor Update
13 December 2020 11:07:34 Helen Changes to biography

306th Echoes October 1980

Date Contributor Update
17 September 2015 21:44:14 theseanze Changes to mission associations

Operational Sortie Record - Certified by Lt. Col. Robert C. Williams

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:19:43 AAM AAM ingest

306th BG Association Directory, 1 September 1999 Edition, 306th BGA Collection, Russell Strong Index Cards, First Over Germany pg. 184, / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia /