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Louis Herman Norley Jr

Military

Lois Norley was from Conrad, Montana. He was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group, 336th Squadron, on 10 July 1943. it did not take long for him to acquire the nickname "Red Dog", not because his red hair, but for his propensity to lose money playing Red Dog poker. He was very intelligent and a great flyer, but rarely drew attention to his achievements. His total of 16.3 aircraft destroyed is an indication of his flying and gunnery abilities. His desire to fight the Nazis was such that on 3 March 1944, when the first daylight raid by U.S. bombers was to be escorted by the 4th Fighter Group, he opted to go on the raid rather take his scheduled pass to London.
From May 1944 to the middle of August he was on leave In the States, having finished his first tour. On 30 August he was named Commanding Officer of the 335th Fighter Squadron. He still roomed with Fred Glover, who was Squadron Commander of the 336th Squadron. They had many name calling arguments over who shot down what as their friendly rivalry took on an intense character. On 2 November Norley shot down an Me-163 rocket-powered fighter, the first time he had occasion to use the new K-14 gun-sight. He became very positive about this new equipment.
On 25 January 1945 "Red Dog" was assigned to the 334th Fighter Squadron as Commanding Officer. On 31 March he started his third tour with 554 combat hours to his credit. He had been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal with 13 Oak Leaf Clusters.
The war was soon over, and he then did a tour in the Korean War, eventually retiring a a Lieutenant Colonel.
He died in Oakland, California, 1 August 1967.

"Red Dog" wrote this in his 8 April 1944 combat report, “...we dove down to about 3,000 feet where the 190 did a very tight climbing turn to port. I dropped 20 degree flaps and easily out turned him. We completed the turn, the 190 rolled and dove steeply toward the deck. I closed from 300 to 50 yards firing a couple of short bursts and the Jerry bailed out just before I pulled out of the dive.”

Service

People

  • Vincent Andra

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Crew Chief
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. One-time crew chief for Colonel Louis 'Red Dog'Norley. Assigned to participate in Op FRANTIC II, the Russia Shuttle mission. The B-17 he was assigned to was involved in a taxi accident, heading to the runway and was...

  • Frederick Glover

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Fred Glover hailed from Asheville, North Carolina. He had once played a little professional baseball. ...

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Units served with

  • 334th Fighter Squadron

    334th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 334th Fighter Squadron was the successor to No. 71 Eagle squadron of the Royal Air Force when the 4th Fighter Group was activated on 12 September 1942. They were based at Debden Field, Essex. The "Fighting Eagles" as they were called, flew...

  • 335th Fighter Squadron

    335th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 335th Fighter Squadron was the offspring of No. 121 (Eagle) Squadron RAF. Formed on 21 May 1941, No. 121 was the second of the three Eagle Squadrons composed of American volunteers flying out of England. They were known as the "Chiefs" and were...

  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...

  • 4th Mobile Reclamation and Repair Squadron

Aircraft

  • 43-6802

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Major Louis H Norley. A/C hit in coolant system in combat with several enemy fighters, pilot Lt Robert F Nelson attempted to nurse A/C back to base and abandoned after engine seized near Korbach,...

  • 44-14435

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. On escort and strafing mission, A/C lost after hitting a tree whilst strafing ground transports. A/C seen to have fuel pouring from wing tanks. Pilot Lt August W Rabe, leveled off and crash landed Maberzell, Germany....

  • 44-15347 'The Deacon'

    P-51 Mustang
    This was the only olive drab P-51D Mustang in the 4th Fighter Group. ...

  • 44-15028 'Red Dog' 'Dotty'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. One-time personal aircraft of Capt Louis Norley. Re-assigned to Capt Calvin W Willruth. Transferred to 359FS, 356FG, 8AF USAAF.

  • 44-73108 'Red Dog XII' 'Ole V'

    P-51 Mustang
    This was the last P-51D Mustang assigned to Major Louis H Norley, Commanding Officer of the 334th Fighter Squadron. Transferred to 358FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF.

  • 41-6183 'Red Dog' 'Mike II'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF, transferred to 23DRS, 2ADG, 9AF USAAF. ...

  • 44-72196 'Red Dog XI'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Post war converted to F-6D photo recon configuration.

  • 43-12416 'Brenda'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 357FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 362FS, 357FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF.

  • 43-6666

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Major Louis H Norley.

  • 44-15350

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Major Louis H "Red Dog" Norley. Lost 11-Dec-44. Lt Paul M Morgan bailed out - France.

Associated Place

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Conrad, Montana 18 June 1919
Retired from service as Lt. Col. 1 April 1963
Died Oakland, CA, USA 1 August 1967

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2017 15:03:56 general ira snapsorter Changes to service number and unit associations
Sources

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list

Date Contributor Update
22 June 2016 21:31:24 WD-C Mustang Changes to middlename
Sources

Changed middle initial to full middle name
http://fourthfightergroup.freeforums.org/debden-pilot-roommates-t7.html

Date Contributor Update
11 May 2016 22:43:59 WD-C Mustang Changes to middlename, suffix, nickname, biography, awards, events, person associations and media associations
Sources

http://www.4thfightergroupassociation.org/uploads/8/2/0/3/8203817/334_no...

Date Contributor Update
06 March 2015 19:33:35 apollo11 Changes to nickname, highest rank, biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations
Sources

Personal research & 'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th Fighter Group' By Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:19:15 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Fighter Aces of the U. S. A. and Mustang Aces of the Eighth Air Force

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