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Jack Weston Wood

Military

Born in Fairbault, Minn., in 1907, we won his wings by 1929. He rose swiftly through the ranks achieving the rank of Colonel and took command of the 20th Combat Bomb Wing of the Eighth Air Force. The following November he was named executive of the 14th Combat Bomb Wing, and in December 1944 was promoted to brigadier general and appointed chief of the British-American Air Component, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces Mission to France.

Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator #42-40629.

After a career in the Air Force, he retired with the rank of Major General. He died in 1995.

Service

People

  • Philip Ardery

    Military | Major General | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Silver Star/ 2 DFCs/ 4 Air Medals/ Croix de Guerre. ...

  • John Brooks

    Military | Brigadier General | Pilot | 355th Fighter Group
    Led 17 B-24s on the low level attack at Ploesti whilst with the 389th Bomb Group. ...

  • Kenneth Caldwell

    Military | Major | B-24D Co-Pilot - Command Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Lt. Kenneth M. Caldwell from the 8th Air Force, the 389th Bombardment Group, and the 565th Bomb Squadron took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti with Col. Jack W. Wood, observing, on 1-Aug-43, flying the B-24D, 42-40629, named, THE...

  • Adelbert Cross

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Command Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40733.

  • Bernard Greeley

    Military | Technical Sergeant | B-24 Radio Operator | 389th Bomb Group
    TSgt. Bernard Patrick Greeley was a B-24 Radio Operator assigned to to the 565th Bomb Squadron, the 389th Bomb Group, in the 8th Air Force, USAAF. Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the bombing mission on the Ploesti oil refineries flying the B-24D, 42...

  • Ronald Helder

    Military | Second Lieutenant | B-24D Co-Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    2nd Lt. Ronald Lee Helder was a B-24 pilot in the 8th Air Force, the 389th Bomb Group, and the 564th Bombing Squadron in WWII. He flew as Co-pilot with his friend, Command Pilot Lt. Lloyd H. Hughes, in the B-24D Lt. Helder called, Ole Kickapoo,...

  • Lloyd Hughes

    Military | Second Lieutenant | B-24 Command Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Lloyd Herbert Hughes Jr., better known to his friends, as "Pete," flew his fifth mission, as pilot of a B-24D Liberator bomber in an attack against the Axis oil refineries in Ploesti, Romania. He was killed August 1, 1943 when his plane was severely...

  • Louis Jweid

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 566BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 11-Apr-44 in B-24 42-73498. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 3779. ...

  • William Yeager

    Military | Major | Pilot; Commanding Officer | 389th Bomb Group
    William Yeager was the Commanding Officer of the 567th BS, 389th BG, 8AF USAAF. Bill William Yeager was taken as a Prisoner of War (POW) while on TDY to 9th Air Force for Ploesti raid (Operation 'Tidal Wave') on 1-Aug-43 in B-24 'Boomerang' 42-40115....

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Units served with

  • 14th Combat Bomb Wing
  • 20th Combat Bomb Wing

    20th Combat Bomb Wing

    Wing
    Prewar bombardment wing in the northwest. Moved to England, May–June 1943, for duty with Eighth Air Force. Received its first groups in November 1943 and served in combat in the European theater from December 1943 until April 1945. Returned to the US...

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 565th Bomb Squadron
  • Headquarters (14th Combat Bomb Wing)

Aircraft

  • 42-40629 The Scorpion

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, 42-40629, The Scorpion, in the 8th Air Force, the 389th Bombardment Group, and the 565th Bomb Squadron, flew on Operation Tidal Wave, the bombing mission on the oil refineries, piloted by Lt. Kenneth M. Caldwell and Col. Jack Wood...

  • 42-40753

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, 42-40753, was a Consolidated B-24D bomber from the 389th Bombardment Group, of the 8th Air Force, and the 564th Bomb Squadron from England. It's Command Pilot on Operation Tidal Wave, was 2nd Lt. Lloyd Hughes, and his crew. They flew on...

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B-24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57...

Associated Place

  • Berca

    Military site : airfield

Events

Event Location Date
Born Faribault, Minnesota, U.S.A. 2 January 1907
Enlisted 24 February 1928

Appointed flying cadet.

Ploesti Raid Briefing 31 July 1943

"During one of the rehearsal briefings, 389th commanding officer Colonel Jack Wood enjoined the men that after completing the bomb run, 'It's every man for himself! Hit the deck! Forget formation flying! Get the hell out of there! And no nurse-maiding,' or assisting a damaged plane in the group."

Dan Masters, "Dragged Through the Mouth of Hell: Toledo's Contribution to Operation Tidal Wave, August 1, 1943," Northwest Ohio History Journal, Vol. 84, No. 1 (October 6, 2016).

Died Orange County, California, USA 18 July 1994
Awards

Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star Medal
Air Medal with oak leaf cluster
Commendation Ribbon
American Campaign Medal
Distinguished Unit Citation Emblem
Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Honorary Commander
Croix de Guerre with Palm
Legion of Honor (French)
National Defense Service Medal
Air Force Longevity Service Award with six oak leaf clusters

Buried Hillside Memorial Park, Redlands, San Bernardino County, California, USA

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
18 May 2021 20:02:29 jmoore43 Changes to biography
Sources

Added punctuation in the "Summary biography" to aid clarity.

Date Contributor Update
06 November 2019 14:13:28 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography
Sources

Ploesti Sortie Reports, 389th Bomb Group

Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 22:24:05 Dieterle Changes to unit associations
Sources

Added unit taken from Biography.

Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 22:14:21 Dieterle Changes to events
Sources

Dan Masters, "Dragged Through the Mouth of Hell: Toledo's Contribution to Operation Tidal Wave, August 1, 1943," Northwest Ohio History Journal, Vol. 84, No. 1 (October 6, 2016).

Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 22:07:42 Dieterle Changes to media associations
Sources

Find a Grave > MG Jack Weston Wood

Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 21:51:14 Dieterle Changes to middlename, highest rank, role, biography and events
Sources

U.S. Air Force site > Major General Jack Weston Wood; Find a Grave site > MG Jack Weston Wood.

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 02:03:40 Dieterle Changes to person associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

389th BG August 1, 1943 Crews and Aircraft. Philip Ardery, Bomber Pilot: A Memoir of World War II (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky: 1978) 99.

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 01:59:11 Dieterle Changes to unit associations
Sources

Philip Ardery, Bomber Pilot: A Memoir of World War II (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky: 1978) 99. 389th BG August 1, 1943 Crews and Aircraft.

Date Contributor Update
16 July 2015 13:36:50 jrugman Changes to highest rank
Sources

Caption of a photograph on AAM website

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:13:56 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

14th Combat Bombardment Wing (H) by William B. Taylor / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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