IWM catalogue record
This contains information written on the back of the original print and some of it may be inaccurate.
Personnel of the 97th Bomb Group watch as a flight of three B-17 Flying Fortresses flies over the control tower at Grafton Underwood. Image stamped on reverse: 'Photograph supplied by Photopress.' [stamp], 'Passed for publication 18 Aug 1942'[stamp], '216095' [Censor no] and 'USA(BRI)CCC' [written annotation]. Printed caption on reverse: 'U.S. FLYING FORTRESSES BOMB ENERMY TARGETS. American Flying Fortresses manned by American crews and led by Brigadier-General Ira C. Eaker, commanding general, United States Army Air Force bomber command, yesterday afternoon attacked targets at Rouen and Caen, in enemy occupied France. Picture shows- Aerodrome Personnel on the the Control Tower watching the return of the planes from the raid.'
The 97th Bomb Group flew the Eighth Air Force's first heavy bomber mission from the UK when they bombed a marshalling yard at Rouen on 17 August 1942. Just a month later though the Group were reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force and left England for the...
Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
Commanding General of 8th AF 1 December 1942 to 5 January 1944. Following that, Eaker was given command of all Allied air forces in the MTO, and in April 1945 became Deputy CG of the USAAF. Retired July 1947.
Military site : airfield
Grafton Underwood was built in 1941 by George Wimpey and Co. Ltd. It was the first airfield in England to receive an Eighth Air Force flying unit, when in May 1942 personnel of the 15th Bomb Squadron took up residence. As a satellite airfield for...