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P-47 Thunderbolt

P-47D-2-RE 42-8606 was assigned to the 56FG/61FS at Halesworth, UK. On 11-Dec-42 the aircraft, piloted by 2LT Edward J. Kruer, was despatched with other P-47s from 56FG to provide escort to bombers attacking at Emden, Germany. 2LT Kruer was flying as "Yellow #4" in Yellow Flight when the flight spotted as group of German fighters over the North Sea. In lining up for the attack, 42-8606 sustained a mid-air collision with "Yellow #2", P47D 42-7967, piloted by 2LT Edward J Kruer. Both aircraft were severely damaged and crashed into the North Sea north-west of Langeoog Island. 1KIA MACR 1536.



  • 56th Fighter Group

    56th Fighter Group

    Flying P-47 Thunderbolts throughout their time stationed in England, the Group, known as "the Wolfpack", had more ace pilots than any other Eighth Air Force Fighter Group. The 56th Fighter Group also destroyed more enemy aircraft in air combat than any...

  • 61st Fighter Squadron


  • Edward Kruer

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 56th Fighter Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) on 11-Dec-42 in P-47D 42-8606, 56FG/61FS when the aircraft sustained a mid-air collision with P-47D 42-7967 over the North Sea while on a mission to provide escort to bombers attacking at Bremen, Germany. Both aircraft crashed...


  • VIII Fighter Command FO-198 BOMBER ESCORT

    11 December 1943
    This fighter mission is composed of three elements despatched to provide escort to heavy bomber attacking at Bremen, Germany. The first element is a force of 31 P-38s from 55FG (included some from 20FG). There are no losses or claims in this element. ...


  • Halesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Halesworth was constructed in 1942-1943. Initially planned as a bomber airfield, its location close to the Suffolk coast meant that it was in an ideal position to operate escort fighters, where range was a critical factor. Consequently, the 56th...


Event Location Date
Failed to Return (FTR) Over Water (OW) North Sea 11 December 1943

Sustained a mid-air collision with P-47D 42-7967 56FG/61FS over the North Sea while on a mission to escort bombers attacking at Emden, Germany.


Date Contributor Update
24 July 2015 20:07:43 Lee8thbuff Changes to description, events, place associations and mission associations

Lee Cunningham 24-Jul-2015. Made connections to Place and Mission wihtin existing website data: Added FTR event per MACR 1536; Added Description based on "Losses of the 8th & 9th AIr Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:41:07 AAM AAM ingest

MACR 1536 / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database