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12th Air Force

The 12th Air Force was established in the USA during the Second World War to provide the Army Air Force component of Operation Torch (the invasion of French North Africa) in 1942. The Air Force initially moved to England for training before participating in the invasion of North Africa. It then engaged in tactical operations in the Medieterranean Theatre of Operations for the remainder of the war.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as Twelfth AF on 20 Aug 1942 and activated the same day. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and then on to North Africa for the invasion of Algeria and French Morocco in Nov 1942. Operated in the Mediterranean theater until the end of the war, serving with Northwest African Air Forces from Feb to Dec 1943, and afterward with Mediterranean Allied Air Forces. Inactivated in Italy on 31 Aug 1945.

Commanding officers
  • Carl Spaatz

    Military | General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    A few weeks after Pearl Harbor, in January 1942, General Spaatz was assigned as chief of the Army Air Force Combat Command at Washington and promoted to the temporary rank of major general. In May 1942, Spaatz was designated commander of the Eighth Air...

  • James Doolittle

    Military | General | Commanding General
    Became Commanding General of 12th AF September 1942; Commanding General of Northwest African Strategic Air Force March 1943; assumed command of 15th AF November 1943; Commanding General of 8th Air Force 6 January 1944 to 9 May 1945. Medal Of Honor for...

Structure

Part of
Not yet known
Encompassing
  • XII Bomber Command
  • XII Tactical Air Command
  • XXII Tactical Air Command
  • 47th Bomb Group

    47th Bomb Group

    Group
    Constituted as 47th Bombardment Group (Light) on 20 November 1940, and activated on 15 January 1941. Operational squadrons of the group were: ...

  • 12th Bomb Group
  • 81st Fighter Group

    81st Fighter Group

    Group
    The unit was constituted as the 81st Pursuit Group (Intercepter) on 13 January 1942, and activated on 9 February 1942, with the 91st, 92d, and 93d Pursuit Squadrons assigned.[1] It was redesignated 81st Fighter Group in May 1942 and trained with Bell P...

  • 417th Night Fighter Squadron

    417th Night Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 417th Night Fighter Squadron was activated 20 February 1943. After organisation and training at Kissimmee Air Base near Orlando, Florida, the 417th departed for oversees duty on 5 May 1943 on the Queen Elizabeth, arriving in Scotland six days...

  • 414th Night Fighter Squadron
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Established Bolling Field 20 August 1942

Connections

People

  • Carroll Abrahamson

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Aerial Gunner | 47th Bomb Group

  • John Adair

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Gunner/Armament Inspector/Armament Cheif | 47th Bomb Group

  • Marion Akers

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot - Squadron Commander | 47th Bomb Group

  • George Baggs

    Military | Captain | Bombardier/Navigator | 47th Bomb Group

  • Charles Barr

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group

  • Salvo Bascetta

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 47th Bomb Group

  • Peter Beet

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group

  • Otto Bey

    Military | Flight Officer | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group

  • Anthony Biancardi

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Communications Chief | 47th Bomb Group

  • William Bispham

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 97th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 414BS, 97BG, 12AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Foggia mission in B-17 41-24342 'Stinky' 7-Sep-43; Downed by flak, A/C exploded over Foggia, Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 642 Awards: PH.

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Aircraft

  • 41-24342 'Stinky Jr'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 92BG Bovingdon 8/42; 414BS/97BG Polebrook 24/8/42; transferred Maison Blanche, Alg. 20/11/42; Missing in Action Foggia 7/9/43 with Bill Bispham, Pilot: Everett Blogg, Navigator: Glenn J. Rhodes Jr., Co-pilot: Dan Grover, Flight engineer/top...

  • 41-24406 'All American'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 92BG Bangor 13/7/42; transferred 414BS/97BG Polebrook 6/42; Maison Blanche, Alg. 13/11/42; Tafaraoui, Alg. 22/11/42; Biskra, Alg. 25/12/42; on Tunis mission was rammed by Me109G 1/2/43 almost slicing rear fuselage and tail of plane off; made...

  • 42-27912

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-2985

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered W Palm Beach 8/1/43; Assigned 414BS/97BG Biskra 28/1/43; Chateau-du-Rhumel 8/2/43; Missing in Action Naples 1/8/43 with Bob Rast, Alvarado, Ponemone, Bigelow, Dibble, Shea, Anderson, Nichols, Smith, Mathews; flak hit knocked off wing, crashed...

  • 42-30319

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 13/5/43; Gore 26/5/43; Smoky Hill 29/5/43; Morrison 8/6/43; Assigned 419BS/301BG St Donat 6/7/43; Oudna 6/8/43; transferred 49BS/2BG Massicault 7/10/43; 9m 419BS/301BG Oudna 14/11/43; 44m 414BS/97BG Amendola 10/5/44; Missing in...

  • 42-3392

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 4/6/43; Presque Is 31/7/43; Assigned 96BS/2BG Massicault 8/8/43; transferred 353BS/301BG Cerignola; 89m 97BG Amendola as weather ship in summer of ‘44; depot 11/10/44; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA)...

  • NT249

    Mosquito
    Assigned to 416th Fighter Squadron, 12th AF. Posted Missing - Lt Eldon W Blake (pilot) and 2nd Lt Max W Galowich (nav.) - Killed in Action (KIA). 29-Mar-45. MACR 13453

  • NT248

    Mosquito
    Assigned to 416th Fighter Squadron, 12th AF. Posted missing near San Benedetto, Italy, having set out from Pontedera Airfield its base. 22-Apr-45. 2 x POW MACR 14064 ...

  • 43-30652 Whiskey Seven

    C-47 Skytrain
    30652 (MSN 13803) to USAAF 23Sep43. Operated with 37th TCS, 316th TCG. Operated with 12th AF in Mediterranean before joining the 9th AF in UK. 37th Troop Carrier Squadron [W7*D], 316th Troop Carrier Group, Ninth Air Force, Cottesmore (Station 489)....

  • V8812

    Beaufighter
    Issued to RAF, then assigned to 417NFS, 50FG via return lend/lease. Lost on return flight to Scorton base after air firing exercise, when the fuel tanks ran dry, due to fuel system mis-management. 1 x WIA, 2 x KIA.

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2020 13:56:09 phil marchese Changes to aircraft types
Sources

Rust, K.; Twelfth Air Force Story

Date Contributor Update
09 January 2019 09:27:02 Emily Created entry with type, category, name, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, description, commanding officers associations and media associations
Sources

AIR FORCE COMBAT UNITS OF WORLD WAR II

Wikipedia

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