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738th Bomb Squadron

Squadron

Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at San Giovanni Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force.

Engaged in very long range strategic bombardment of enemy military, industrial and transportation targets. Operations included attacks against such objectives as marshalling yards, aircraft factories, railroad bridges, and airdromes in Italy, Austria, and Romania. Helped to prepare the way for and supported the invasion of Southern France during Jul and August 1944. At the same time, expanded previous operations to include attacks on oil refineries and storage facilities, locomotive works, and viaducts in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, and the Balkans.

Returned to the United States after the German Capitulation in May 1945; re-manned and re-equipped as a B-29 Superfortress heavy bombardment squadron. Began training under Second Air Force in August 1945, however was inactivated in October after the Japanese Capitulation.

Activated in the reserves in 1947 as a B-29 Superfortress squadron, but neither manned or equipped. Inactivated in 1949 due to budget constraints. Reactivated in 1952 as a troop carrier squadron, it was inactivated on 1 Jan 1953 with personnel being reassigned to the 403d Troop Carrier Wing.

Reactivated as a C-130 Hercules airlift squadron as part of the Global War on Terrorism

Structure

Part of
  • 454th Bomb Group

    454th Bomb Group

    Group
    The group was constituted as 454th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 May 1943 and activated on 1 June at Davis-Monthan Field, near Tucson, Arizona. Training began immediately on Consolidated B-24 Liberators[2] and the ground cadre was sent on 3 July to...

Encompassing
Not yet known
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
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Connections

People

  • Jacob Abernathy

    Military | Sergeant | 454th Bomb Group
    738th Bomb Squadron, 454th Bomb Group, Heavy. Died 14 Sep 1944.

  • Clayton Bereman

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 454th Bomb Group

  • Stanley McChristian

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 454th Bomb Group
    B-24 Co-Pilot on the Kisylia crew flew 25 missions

  • Arthur Scott

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 454th Bomb Group
    KIA. Taken prisoner and jailed. Two days after capture he was led to a shooting range and killed. The Nazi party officials responsible were tried at Dachau in March 1947 and received death and life sentences which were however commuted. None of them...

Aircraft

Citations

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 November 2016 00:02:26 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, citations, description, air forces, aircraft types and unit encompassing associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/738th_Expeditionary_Airlift_Squadron

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