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415th Bomb Squadron

Squadron

Established as a B-24 Liberator reconnaissance squadron in early 1942. Engaged initially in antisubmarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; redesignated as a heavy bomb squadron and trained by Third Air Force. Deployed to Egypt in June 1942 over South Atlantic Transport Route transiting from Morrison Field, Florida though the Caribbean to Brazil; performed trans-Atlantic crossing from Brazil to Liberia, then transited east across central Africa to Sudan. Lastly the group reformed with the ground echelon which traveled by ship around the Cape of Good Hope, joining with air echelon in British Palestine.[2]

Assigned to the newly formed IX Bomber Command, the squadron operated from airfields in Egypt; Libya and Tunisia supporting the British Eighth Army in the Western Desert Campaign. Also staged long-range strategic bombardment of enemy military and industrial targets in Sicily; Italy and the Southern Balkans, including attacking the Nazi-controlled oilfields at Ploiești, Romania.[2]

Re-assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in southern Italy; continuing strategic bombardment raids on Occupied France; Southern Germany; Austria and targets in the Balkans. In the summer of 1944, the squadron participated in the invasion of southern France, assisted in the Soviet advance into the Balkans, and supported the partisans and guerrillas in Yugoslavia and neighboring countries.[3]

The squadron returned to the United States in May 1945; being re-designated as a B-29 Superfortress heavy bomb squadron and began training for deployment to the Central Pacific Area and conduct strategic bombardment raids over the Japanese Home Islands. Training continued until the unit was inactivated at the end of July, its equipment and personnel being merged into the other three squadrons of its host group.[4]

Structure

Part of
  • 98th Bomb Group

    98th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 98th trained for bombardment missions with B-24 Liberators during the first half of 1942. ...

Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Connections

People

  • John Bentley

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 98th Bomb Group
    Received DFC on 15 July 1944 per General Order 1847

  • Robert Craine

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 98th Bomb Group
    Received DFC on 15 July 1944 per General Order 1847

  • Donald Di Coscoe

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Bombardier of B-24 Liberator 41-11817 'Stinger' participated in the 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid returning safely to Libya with only one crew member WIA. Awards: AM, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Russell Godde

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid 1-Aug-43; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 176 Awards: DFC, AM, PH.

  • John Gormey

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Gunner on B-24 Liberator 41-11817 'Stinger' which participated in the 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid returning safely to Libya, gunner hit by flak WIA. Awards: DFC, AM, PH, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Turner Johnston

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti,...

  • Harry Konecny

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 9BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti,...

  • Howard LaLonde

    Military | Major | Navigator | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 389BG, 8AF. Detached to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF. 26 x combat missions. Navigator of B-24 Liberator 41-11817 'Stinger' participated in the 1-Aug-43 Ploesti oil refinery raid returning safely to Libya with only one crew member WIA. Regular A/C was...

  • James Marrah

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti...

  • Edward McGuire

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti,...

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Aircraft

  • 41-11817 'Stinger'

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, # 41-11817 'Stinger' participated in the 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid returning safely to Libya with only one crew member WIA. On Operation Tidal Wave, 'STINGER''s pilot was Lt. Andrew Opsata. And it's navigator was Maj...

  • 41-24195 'Little Joe'

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator bomber, SN #41-24195, in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 415th Bomb Squadron, named, 'Little Joe', flew on the Ploesti oil refinery raid piloted by Wesley N. Pettigrew, returning safely to Libya. Aug 1, 1943

  • 42-109799 Salt Lake Katie

    B-24 Liberator
    Details of acceptance and delivery from diary of William H. Nabors, Tail Gunner on Lt. James R. Perry Jr. crew: ...

  • 41-28854 'Better Late Than Never'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 15AF USAAF. Transferred to 721BS, 450BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Isarco/Albes, Italy 28-Feb-45 with Ed Lee crew; flak hit to #4 engine, dropped 1000ft before control regained. Crashed vicinity of Conegliano, Italy 6...

  • 41-11787 'ZOMBIE'

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, # 41-11787, the 'ZOMBIE', from the 415th Bomb Squadron, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 9th Air Force, was based at Benina Airfield, Benghazi, Libya, North Africa. The plane was shot down by antiaircraft fire and crashed in Catania Harbor,...

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
13 February 2021 00:54:25 Kickapoo Changes to unit part of associations
Sources

The Great Ground-Air Battle Of 1 August 1943 - James Dugan & Carroll Stewart

Date Contributor Update
01 November 2016 02:54:29 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and media associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/415th_Flight_Test_Flight

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