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376th Bomb Group

Group

Constituted as 376th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 19 Oct 1942 and activated in Palestine on 31 Oct. Began combat immediately, using B-24 aircraft. Operated with Ninth AF from bases in the Middle East, Nov 1942-Sep 1943, and with Twelfth AF from Tunisia, Sep-Nov 1943. Attacked shipping in the Mediterranean and harbor installations in Libya, Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy to cut enemy supply lines to Africa. Struck airdromes, marshalling yards, and other objectives in Sicily and Italy after the fall of Tunisia in May 1943. Received a DUC for action against the enemy in the Middle East, North Africa, and Sicily, Nov 1942-Aug 1943. Participated in the famed low-level assault on oil refineries at Ploesti and received another DUC: nearing Ploesti on 1 Aug 1943 and realizing that it was off course, the group attempted to reach its assigned objective from another direction; by this time, however, enemy defenses were thoroughly alerted and intense opposition forced the 376th to divert to targets of opportunity in the general target area

Moved to Italy in Nov 1943 and operated with Fifteenth AF until Apr 1945. Engaged primarily in long-range missions to targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, and the Balkans to bomb factories, marshalling yards, oil refineries, oil storage facilities, airdromes, bridges, harbors, and other objectives. Received a DUC for attacking the oil industry at Bratislava on 16 Jun 1944. Also flew support and interdictory missions, assisting Allied forces at Anzio and Cassino during Feb-Mar 1944, supporting the invasion of Southern France in Aug 1944, aiding the Russian sweep into the Balkans during the fall of 1944, and assisting Allied troops in northern Italy during Apr 1945.

Moved to the US in Apr. Redesignated 376th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in May 1945. Inactivated on 10 Nov 1945.

Structure

Part of
  • 15th Air Force

    15th Air Force


    The Fifteenth Air Force was one of two Strategic Air forces in Europe, along with the Eighth Air Force. ...

Encompassing
Previously was
  • 1st Provisional Group

    1st Provisional Group

    Group
    The 1st Provisional Group was established on 20 July 1942 at Lydda. It brought together the existing 9th Bomb Squadron and the Hal Bomb Squadron, which were operating the Middle East.

Became
Not yet known

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57 B...

Stations

Station Location Date
Established Lydda 31 October 1942
Based Abu Sueir 8 November 1942 – 10 February 1943
Based Mellaha 6 April 1943 – 26 September 1943
Based San Pancrazio 17 November 1943 – 19 April 1945

Connections

People

  • Norman Appold

    Military | Colonel | B-24 Command Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Norman Appold graduated from the Aviation Cadet Training Program in 1942, commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant. After completing pilot training, he served as a B-24 pilot in the 376th Bomb Group Association, completing 63 missions. ...

  • Angelo Aspesi

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 376th Bomb Group
    Crew member on B-24 Liberator #42-40664 'Teggie Ann' 515 BS, 376 BG, 9th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, successfully returning to Benghazi, Libya.

  • Charles Bley

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Pilot B-24 Liberator #42-40203 'Tobias the Terrible' 515th BS, 376th BG, 9th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, returned safely to Libya. ...

  • Robert Block

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 376th Bomb Group
    Missing in Action on B-24 41-11603 'Malicious' on 31 January 1943, on a mission to Messina. His aircraft was hit by flak and forced to ditch in the sea.

  • Lawrence Burgin

    Military | Crew Chief | 376th Bomb Group
    He attended Western Carolina University for a year and decided he wanted to serve his country. He joined the U.S. Army Air Corps where he served as crew chief mechanic on B24 bomber airplanes in the Libyan desert arena and the boot of Italy with the...

  • Irwin Carr

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Co Pilot B-24 Liberator #42-40203 'Tobias the Terrible' 515th BS, 376th BG, 9th AF, shot down on 28th Dec 43 mission to Vicenza marshaling yards, Saletto Italy, pilot John L Sonaglia, 3 KIA / 7 POW. MACR 1617

  • Keith Compton

    Military | Lieutenant General | B-24 Command Pilot - Squadron Commander - Commanding Officer | 376th Bomb Group
    Keith Karl Compton (December 9, 1915 – June 15, 2004) was an American Air Force Lieutenant General who was Vice Commander in Chief, Strategic Air Command. He flew as Command Pilot with Gen. Uzal Ent on Operation Tidal Wave in the B-24D, 'Teggie Ann'...

  • John Crosby

    Military | First Lieutenant | co-pilot | 376th Bomb Group

  • Gordon Dangremond

    Military | Master Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 376th Bomb Group
    Flew a total of 74 missions. 50 on the plane B-24 'Flame McGoon' in the 15th AAF / 376th BG and on a 2nd tour of duty 24 with the 381st BG/534th BS in a B-17

  • Theodore Deffner

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 376th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 515BS, 376BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Messina, Sicily, 30-Apr-43; Flak took out No.3 engine and port flaps, fell away from formation being harried by several Me-109's, ditched in sea. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 3305 ...

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Aircraft

  • 41-11613 Florine Ju Ju, Liberandos, Teggie Ann, The Blue Streak

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24D #41-11613 'The Blue Streak' of 514th Bomb Squadron, the 376th Bomb Group, 9th AF. Originally named 'Florine Ju Ju' then '71 Liberandos', '71 Teggie Ann', and last '71 The Blue Streak'. She was a member of the HALPRO group that eventually became...

  • 41-28837 'Trade Winds'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned 837th Bomb Squadron, 487th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force. Transferred to the MTO on February 24th 1945 and assigned to the 513th Bomb Squadron, 376th Bomb Group, 15th AF.

  • 42-40563 'Wongo Wongo!'

    B-24 Liberator
    Lost en route to Ploesti, Romania with the loss of all crew members. ...

  • 41-24258 'Minerva II' 'Desert Lily'

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down by a Bf 109G-6 near Wiemath, Austria on Nov 2, 1943. 8 KIA, 2 POW. MACR 1099 ...

  • 41-24294 'Brewery Wagon'

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down by a Me-109 over Ploesti. Two of the crew KIA, eight became POW's. MACR 154 ...

  • 41-24297 'Chief Wahoo' 'War Maid'

    B-24 Liberator
    Crash landed in Turkey after Ploesti oil refinery raid, 1st Aug 1943. Pilot Wilford E Hines. Crew interned in Turkey.

  • 42-40664 Honey Chile, Liberandos, Teggie Ann

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24 Liberator #42-40664 'Honey Chile' / '100 Teggie Ann' of the 515th Bomb Squadron, the 376th Bomb Group, and the 9th Air Force, as a participant of Operation Tidal Wave, the 1st Aug 1943 raid on the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. Flown...

  • 41-11636 'Wash's Tub'

    B-24 Liberator
    Was originally Halpro aircraft #24 then was transferred to 98th Bomb Group before being sent to 376th. Flown by the James Bock crew on the August 1, 1943 low-level mission to Ploesti, Romania. ...

  • 41-11825 Hail Columbia, Grumpy, Little Chief Big Dog

    B-24 Liberator
    This aircraft originally served in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bomb Squadron as 'HAIL COLUMBIA'. It was 344th's CO Col. John R. Kane's personal aircraft until Kane became the 98th Bomb Group CO and turned it over to Herman ...

  • 41-24259 'Warmaid'

    B-24 Liberator
    On loan to 93rd BG and scheduled to be flown by 1st Lt Howard W Freese on the 1 Aug 43 Ploesti mission. He was obliged to turn back, jettison the bombs in the sea and return to Benghazi, Libya, due to a serious fuel leak discovered immediately after...

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citations:
North Africa and Sicily, [Nov] 1942-17 Aug 1943;
Ploesti, Rumania, Aug 1943;
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, 16 Jun 1944.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 06:15:59 Kickapoo Changes to person associations
Sources

Black Sunday ~ Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
06 November 2016 23:32:20 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Suweir_Air_Base

Date Contributor Update
02 November 2016 22:52:48 466thHistorian Changes to insignia, citations, description, unit part of associations, unit encompassing associations and stations
Sources

http://www.armyaircorpsmuseum.org/376th_Bombardment_Group.cfm

Date Contributor Update
28 July 2016 18:56:14 millebr Changes to type, nicknames, air forces and aircraft types
Sources

historyofwar.org

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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