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William Downs Buchanan


Assigned to 345BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. John Dore crew. Missed the Ploesti oil refinery due to dysentery. ETD

Awards: DFC, AM (OLC), WWII Victory, EAME.



  • John Dore

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 345BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Pilot on B-24 42-40102 'Old Baldy' Lost near the target, Ploesti, AA hit point blank at 30 feet or less from a Rumanian 80 mm. Pilot 1st Lt John J Dore. 10 KIA. MACR 223. Awards: SS, DFC, AM (5OLC), PH.

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Units served with

  • 9th Air Force
  • 98th Bomb Group

    98th Bomb Group

    The 98th trained for bombardment missions with B-24 Liberators during the first half of 1942. ...

  • 345th Bomb Squadron

    345th Bomb Squadron

    Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron and trained by Third Air Force. Deployed to Egypt in June 1942 over South Atlantic Transport Route transiting from Morrison Field, Florida though the Caribbean to Brazil; performed trans-Atlantic...


  • 42-40102 'Old Baldy'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 345BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) with John Dore crew Ploesti; Lost near the target, AA hit point blank at 30 feet or less from a Romanian 80 mm. 10 x Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 223.

Associated Place


Event Location Date
Born Philadelphia, PA 4 April 1916

Son of James Madison and Lillian [McBride] Buchanan.

Enlisted 12 December 1941
Based Libya 1943 – 1944

Assigned to 345BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF.

Discharged USAAF 2 December 1946

Honourable discharge.

Died Kirkland, WA 21 March 2007
Buried Arlington National Cemetery 4 June 2007

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington, Virginia