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Lewis Hyde Brereton

Military

Lewis Hyde Brereton (June 21, 1890 – July 20, 1967) was a military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the United States Air Force. A 1911 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he began his military career as a United States Army officer in the Coast Artillery Corps prior to World War I, then spent the remainder of his service as a career aviator. In WW II held command of 3rd AF, 1st Allied Airborne Army, 9th Af, 10th AF and Far East Air Force. Overall command of Operation Tidal Wave, the Ploesti mission to destroy the Romanian oilr refineries, was vested in Major General Lewis H. Brereton as commander of Ninth Air Force, headquartered in Cairo.

Service

Units served with

Aircraft

  • 41-11603 'Malicious'

    B-24 Liberator
    One of 23 B-24 Liberators assigned to the Halverson Detachment (HALPRO) which departed the US in May 1942 to join the 10th Air Force in the China, Burma, India Theatre of operations. The HALPRO aircraft were then assigned to the 376th Bomb Group when...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Pittsburgh, PA 21 June 1890

Son of William Denny and Helen [Hyde] Brereton.

Graduated Annapolis, Maryland June 1911

United States Naval Academy

Transferred Commission to US Army Fort Monroe, Virginia August 1911

Applied for a transfer to the US Army due to sea sickness.

Earned Aviator Rating Rockwell Field, San Diego, CA 27 March 1913

Brereton was the 10th Army aviator to be awarded his wings

Appointed Commander of the 12th US Aero Squadron Issoudun, France 1 March 1918

His unit had no aircraft on his arrival, and he could only procure a dozen obsolete Dorand AR.Is[11][nb 10] to fly until first-line Salmson 2 A2s became available. The 12th A.S. began combat operations from Ourches airdrome on May 3, patrolling the "Toul Sector" between Flirey and Apremont in support of the U.S. 26th Division[12] Brereton and his pilots moved overland to Vathiménil to receive their Salmsons in the first week of June and carried out extensive operations between Blâmont and Badonviller in the "Baccarat Sector" for three weeks supporting the U.S. 42nd Division.[13][14]

Appointed Commander of the 10th Air Force New Dehli, India 5 March 1942
Appointed Commander of the reformed 9th Air Force Sunninghill Park, UK 31 July 1943
Appointed Commander of the 1st Air Force Mitchell Army Airfield, New York 1 January 1946
Died Washington, DC 20 July 1967
Buried Arlington National Cemetery 27 July 1967

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Plot
Section 6, Grave 5717-G

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2021 08:59:20 Al_Skiff Changes to events
Sources

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7375646/lewis-hyde-brereton

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2021 03:22:08 466thHistorian Changes to service number
Sources

https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2345/images/40014_18211...

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2021 03:19:43 466thHistorian Changes to awards and events
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_H._Brereton
https://ancexplorer.army.mil/publicwmv/#/arlington-national/search/resul...

Date Contributor Update
01 March 2019 00:11:21 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Ploesti - Anatomy of Disaster - HistoryNet Gen.Hoyt S. Vandenberg Black Sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
07 December 2016 10:27:20 general ira snapsorter Changes to media associations
Sources

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- AAM Photo added by Paul James

Date Contributor Update
30 March 2015 10:50:42 Al_Skiff Changes to media associations
Sources

USAAF Photo / http://en.wikipedia.org

Date Contributor Update
30 March 2015 10:45:02 Al_Skiff Created entry with surname, middlename, firstname, nationality, highest rank, role, biography, events, unit associations and media associations
Sources

USAAF Photo / http://en.wikipedia.org

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