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Philip J Callery

Military

1-May-42 Assigned as Tail Gunner of B-17F #41-24619 [GN-S] "S-for-Sugar", 303BG/427BS at Gowen Field, Bosie, Idaho. 12-Oct-42 Re-assigend to B-17F #41-24569 [GN-V], "Memphis Tot" 303BG/427BS at Dow Field, Bangor, Maine. 22-Oct-42 Arrived at Molesworth, UK aboard "Memphis Tot"

Shot down 4 February 1943 in B-17F #41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS as Tail Gunner. The mission target was Osnabruck, Germany, but crew reported guns didn't work so crew turned back. Fighters attacked and Cpt Cole crash landed in the Waddenzee, Holland. Plane broke in two in contact with the water. Surviving crew were pulled from the water by the enemy and became Prisoner of War (POW)s. He was originally placed in Stalag 17B then moved to other camps. He was released from the camp at Krems, Austria.

Participated in 9 Operations (5 were aborted) See Biography events.
POW

Service

People

  • Lloyd Cole

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    1-May-42 Assigned as Pilot of B-17F 41-24619 [GN-S] "S-for-Sugar", 303BG/427BS at Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho. 22-Oct-42 Arrived at Molesworth, UK as Pilot of 41-24569 [GN-V] "Memphis Tot" 303BG/427BS. ...

Units served with

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 427th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 41-24569 Memphis Tot

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot: [GN:V] was assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-W] Bangor 5-Oct-42; Molesworth 22-Oct-42. ...

  • 41-24610 Joe Btfsplk II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-T] Bangor 5/10/42; Molesworth 25/10/42. ...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 20

    17 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are the Primary (P) target for a combined force of 49 B-17s despatched from 91BG (20), 303BG (16) and 306BG (13). Another element of 14 B-24s despatched from 93BG also joins the bombing force on St. Nazaire. The...

  • VIII Bomber Command 22

    22 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at Lorient, France are the Primary (P) target of this mission. A combined force of 68 B-17s despatched from 91BG (18), 303BG (18) 305BG (23) and 306BG (9) against the target but a 10/10 could cover prevents all but 11 from 303BG from...

  • VIII Bomber Command 24

    6 December 1942
    The German airfield of Drucat at Abbeville, France is the primary target for 19 B-24s despatched from 44th Bomb Group but are recalled. One squadron of 6 does not hear the recall and proceeds to the target, 1 B-24 MIA. ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 25

    12 December 1942
    This mission is composed of two elements. First element: The German air depot at Romilly-sur-Seine, France is the Primary (P) target for a force of 78 B-17s despatched from 91BG (19), 303BG (20), 305BG (21) and 306BG (18). However, the target is...

  • VIII Bomber Command 26

    20 December 1942
    The German Air Depot at Romilly-sur-Seine, France is the Primary (P) target for a combined force of 80 B-17s despatched by 91BG (17), 303BG (21); 305BG (23) and 306BG (19). 60 B-17 are effective on the target, but 7 are MIA and 1 is DBR. ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 29

    13 January 1943
    The primary target for this mission is the Atclier d'Hellemmes locomotive works, associated steel works and the railroad marshalling yards at Lille, France. The attacking force is composed of 72 B-17s from: 91BG (13); 303BG (19); 305BG (23) and 306BG ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 30

    23 January 1943
    The port area and U-Boat pens at Lorient, France are the primary target for this mission. 305th Bombardment Group is selected as the lead group, but condensation on the bombsight of the lead aircraft in the Group prevents the 305BG from bombing Lorient...

  • VIII Bomber Command 32

    2 February 1943
    All six 8th Air Force Bomb Groups operting from Great Britain are ordered on a mission to bomb the marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany. 61 B-17s and 22 B-24s are despatched but the formation runs into severe weather over the North Sea and the mission in...

  • VIII Bomber Command 33

    4 February 1943
    The marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany are again designated as the primary target for this mission follwing the abortive attempt of 2-Feb-43. However, weather and extreme cold frustrate this operation also. The main attacking force consists of 65 B-17s...

Associated Place

  • Molesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Molesworth was one of the early stations used by the Eighth Air Force in the UK, first occupied by the 15th Bomb Squadron’s Douglas Bostons in June 1942. Built in 1940 and extended and improved in 1942, Molesworth is most associated with the 303rd...

Events

Event Location Date
Assigned to Aircraft Boise, ID, USA 1 May 1942

Assigned as Tail Gunner of B-17 41-24619 "S-for-Sugar", 303BG/427BS at Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho.

Re-assigned to Aircraft Bangor, ME, USA 12 October 1942

Re-assigned as Tail Gunner of B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS at Dow Field, Bangor, Maine.

Arrived in UK Molesworth, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28, UK 22 October 1942

Arrived at Molesworth, UK as Tail Gunner aboard B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS.

Mission #1, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24610, 303BG/427BS - Aborted Saint-Nazaire, France 17 November 1942

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24610 "JoeBTFSPLK", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France, but mechanical failures forced the pilot to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #2, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS - Aborted Lorient, France 22 November 1942

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France, but mechanical failures forced the pilot to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #3, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS - Aborted Lille, France 6 December 1942

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the carriage and wagon works at Lille, France, but mechanical failures forced the pilot to abort the sortie. RTB

Mission #4, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS Rouen, France 12 December 1942

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Roeun, France. RTB OK.

Mission #5, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS Romilly-sur-Seine, France 20 December 1942

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the German air depot at Romilly-sur-Seine, France. RTB OK.

Mission #6, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS Lille, France 13 January 1943

Served as Right Waist Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the Lille Fives Locomotive Works at Lille, France. RTB OK.

Mission #7, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS - Aborted Lorient, France 23 January 1943

Served as Left Waist Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France,but mechanical failures forced the pilot to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #8, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS - Aborted Hamm, Germany 2 February 1943

Served as Right Waist Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Hamm, Germanym but cold and severes weather forced Wing Command to recall the formation.

Prisoner of War (POW) Krems an der Donau, Austria 4 February 1943 – 15 April 1945

Held at Stalag 17B, Braunau-Gneikendorf (near Krems), Austria. Officially evacuated to United States. 10-Aug-45.

Mission #9, SGT Philip J Callery, w/B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS - POW Osnabrück, Germany 4 February 1943

Served as Tail Gunner on B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the industrial areas of Osnabruck, Germany. Frozen guns forced the pilot to turn back and the aircraf was attacked by fighters. The pilot mamanged to crashland the stricken aircraft on the edge of the Waddenzee, Holland. He was thrown into the sea but saved by Dutch fishermen who then turned him over to the Germans. POW.

Last Report Date (Discharged) 10 August 1945

Last Report Date - Discharged in the US.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 February 2020 02:53:09 jmoore43 Changes to biography
Sources

Added a "#" to the A/C serial number in the "Summary biography" for clarity.

Date Contributor Update
28 February 2020 21:39:30 jmoore43 Changes to biography
Sources

Added a "#" to the A/C serial number in the "Summary biography" for clarity.

Date Contributor Update
30 October 2019 20:06:08 jmoore43 Changes to person associations
Sources

Added a connection to Lloyd R. Cole, the pilot of A/C 41-24569.

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:35:17 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Last Report Date Discharged event per NARA WWII POW database.

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:29:51 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #8 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 2-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/013.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:27:08 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #7 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 23-Jan-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/011.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:24:21 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #6 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 13-Jan-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/010.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:22:15 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #5 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 20-Dec-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/007.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:20:32 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #4 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 12-Dec-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/006.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:18:31 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #3 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 6-Dec-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/005.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:15:59 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #2 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 22-Nov-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/003.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:08:56 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission #1 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 17-Nov-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/001.pdf

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:03:28 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Arrived in UK event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian; Lloyd R. Cole crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-427-cole.html

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 18:01:16 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Re-Assigned to Aircraft event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian; Lloyd R. Cole crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-427-cole.html

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 17:59:47 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Assigned to Aircraft event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian; Lloyd R. Cole crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-427-cole.html

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 17:57:45 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 20-Feb-2016. Added initial assignment and re-assignment and arrival in UK info to Summary Biography; Made connections to all aircraft and missions per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian; Lloyd R. Cole crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-427-cole.html

Date Contributor Update
28 January 2015 19:54:36 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, awards, events, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 28-Jan-2015. Added decoration and POW event per National Archives Records Administration (NARA) WWII POW database; made connections to Place, Aircraft and Mission within existing website data; Verified SN per MACR 15348; Added crew position to Biography.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:21:29 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 15348, Losses of the 8th and 9th AFs Vol. I by Bishop and Hey p. 73, NARA web site , 303rd web site mission report

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