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Archibald B Monroe Jr


On 22 February 1945, Monroe's B-24 (serial number 44-10491) nicknamed "The Iron Duke" was hit by flak during a mission to Peine. Monroe successfully bailed out of the aircraft but was captured by two policemen after landing near Bieber.

As he was being taken to Offenbach police headquarters, Monroe and his captors took shelter in a fire station after an an air raid warning sounded. Also taking shelter were the assistant police director, Josef Kiwitt, fire chief, Paul Nahrgang, and two of his assistants, Bernard Fay and Phillip Hammann. During a quiet conversation with his men Kiwitt ordered Monroe shot.

Despite being surrounded, his captors later testified that Monroe struck Fay and 'began to escape' wearing his heavy flying suit and fur-lined boots. After Fay sounded the alarm, Hammann who was carrying a rifle, fired three shots at Monroe, killing him instantly.

The next day Monroe's body was then taken to Offenbach police headquarters and buried at the Cemetery at Muhlheim. Upon its rediscovery in March 1946 it was clear that Monroe had not been killed in the crash as previously believed. His captors were tried at the Dachau War Crimes Trials in 1947.


Units served with

  • 458th Bomb Group

    458th Bomb Group

    The 458th Bomb Group (H) entered combat with the 8th Air Force in February 1944. Based at Horsham St. Faith in England, the combat crews participated in the decisive Campaigns 'Big Week', 'Big B', D-Day and the assault on Germany's oil industry waged...

  • 754th Bomb Squadron


  • 42-51110 Top O' The Mark

    B-24 Liberator
    Crash-landed 29 June 1944 at Horsham St Faith on return from Aschersleben mission after being hit by Anti-aircraft fire and set ablaze. The order to bail out was given, but before the fire was extinguished, two airmen bailed out due to failure of...

  • 44-10491

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down 22 February 1945 on raid on marshaling yards at Peine, Germany. MACR 12675

Associated Place

  • Horsham St Faith

    Military site : airfield
    Horsham St Faith was an RAF Bomber Command Station opened in June 1940. It was home to Bristol Blenheim medium-bombers, and was for a time occupied by fighters, including those of No. 19 Squadron and No. 264 Squadron. From September 1942 the airfield...


Event Location Date
Born Batesville, Michigan
Crashed Bieber, 63073 Offenbach am Main, Germany 22 February 1945
Killed in action Offenbach, Germany 22 February 1945
Lived in Batesville, MS 38606, USA


Date Contributor Update
19 February 2020 10:38:49 general ira snapsorter Changes to events, unit associations, place associations and media associations

MACR 12675

Date Contributor Update
17 August 2018 14:22:58 Emily Changes to nickname, service number, biography, events, unit associations and aircraft associations

Records from the US Military Tribunal at Dachau, US POW cases, January- December 1947, at the Jewish Virtual Library, Case No. 12-2000 & 12-390A & 12-391 & 12-565 & 12-1872 & 12-1892 & 12-2127 & 12-2182 & 12-3188 (US vs. Jurgen Stroop et al) Tried 21 Mar. 47

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:03:53 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Page 279 of the book LIBERATORS OVER NORWICH by Mackay, Bailry & Scorza, 2010, D790G4582010 & (detailed info including story of final mission)