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358

19 May 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGET OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 2.5 T HE

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 2.5 T HE

3. BERLIN (Primary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Weather conditions have caused a 4-day pause in operations. 18-May-44 was the date originally scheduled for D-Day, but was re-designated 5-Jun-44 to allow for more air superiority to be established. Invasion probably could not have on 18-May-44, as the weather was terrible. On this mission radar bombing using H2X/PFF methods are used. Luftwaffe opposition is heavy.

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 46 - BERLIN, GERMANY

19 MAY, 1944

The Group sent thirty-six planes comprising the lead and low boxes of the 94th A Combat Wing to Berlin. Targets were government buildings near the center of the city where other targets had previously been bombed.

Lt. Col. Raymond L. Cobb flew as Air Commander of the lead box in a PFF ship. Major George C. Hozier led the low box with Captain Jerry Godfrey as pilot, and Major Theodore C. Hoffman led the high box with Lt. Malcolm E. Johnson as pilot. En route to the target, Me-109s and FW-190s were observed away from the formation. The 109s and 190s peeled off and attacked the low squadron of the lead Group. As a result of the attack, the plane piloted by Lt. Phillip H. Birong was hit and left the formation with two engines on fire. The craft went into a spiral and all the crewmen, except one, successfully bailed out and became POWs.

There was seven-tenths cloud cover over the target area, so bombing was by PFF. Bombing results were fair. Flak was moderate but accurate, damaging seven planes. Fighter Protection was good except for the interval prior to the bomb run Overall, the Eighth lost twenty-eight aircraft.

The first crew in the Group to do so, Lt. Robert D. Lane, Pilot, completed its tour with this mission, and celebrated by the traditional buzzing of the field and shooting of flares.

The Daily Bulletin called the attention of personnel to military discipline, personal appearance, and other elementary things that should have been learned in basic training. Also, a simulated briefing of combat crews was given for the benefit of all ground personnel.

The crew of Lt Phillip H. Birong was lost on this date.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 683 T HE

4. BERLIN (Primary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group.

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 392 T HE

5. Brunswick, Germany

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group.

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 701.5 T HE

6. KIEL (Secondary)

Description

HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 107.4 T HE

Service

People

  • Richard Anzalone

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Engineer/Top Turret gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    Richard Anzalone was Engineer/Top Turret gunner on board B-17 Fortress #42-107160 when it ditched in the North Sea on return from the Berlin Mission of 19 May 1944. All ten men on board were immediately rescued by a nearby Allied minesweeper. A British...

  • Clayton Bates

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 379th Bomb Group
    Shot down 19 May 1944 in B-17 #42-39783. Captured near Kletkamp, Germany on 19 May 1944. Prisoner of War (POW).

  • James Bates

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Waist Gunner | 466th Bomb Group

  • John Baumgardner

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 95th Bomb Group

  • Carmen Bell

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Tail Gunner | 95th Bomb Group

  • George Beys

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 359BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Berlin mission in B-17 42-31386 'Sky Duster'. Unable to escape doomed A/C. 19-May-44 Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 4949 Awards: AM, PH

  • Gilbert Borba

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 100th Bomb Group
    Sgt Gilbert A. Borba, only survivor, all other crew were Killed in Action (KIA) 08-08-1944 Shot down by flak and crashed near St Sylvain, France in B-17 "Varga Venus" #4337865

  • John Bowser

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 388th Bomb Group
    John Bowser was a Navigator in the 388th Bomb Group. He is mentioned in War correspondent Ernie Pyle's book "Brave Men", together with his Pilot Lt William T. White. On return from a mission to Berlin on 19 May 1944, their B-17 Fortress #42-107160...

  • James Braa

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball turret gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    James Braa served as a ball turret gunner with the 566th Bomb Squadron of the 389th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Hethel, England. He completed his tour of 30 missions between March and June 1944, flying his final two missions on D-Day.

  • Richard Brennan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Failed to Return (FTR) raid to Berlin 19-May-44 in B-17 42-31540 'Miss Donna Mae II'. Bombs from another B-17 ripped off the port stabilizer over the target condemning the pilot and crew. Killed in Action (KIA). Awards: AM, PH.

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Aircraft

  • 42-97194 Good Pickin'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/2/44; Kearney 24/2/44; Presque Is 11/3/44; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-O] Horham 11/3/44; with G.M. Jackman force landed B-53 Merville, Belg., 10/5/45; with Lt Henderson force landed A-70 Laon, France 20/5/45; 114m Returned to the USA...

  • 41-28711 "Little Sheppard"

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force. ...

  • 42-107017

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 27/1/44; Kearney 1/2/44; Presque Is 5/3/44; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 6/3/44; Missing in Action Liege 25/5/44 with Bill Warren, Bombardier: Jerome Fontaine (2 Killed in Action); Navigator: Gene McClellan, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-107047 The Doodle Bug

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 6/2/44; Grenier 3/3/44; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-M] Horham 17/3/44; with R.V. Mercer force landed Framlingham AFB 25/12/44 with engine failure; battle damaged Berlin 3/2/45 with H. Palmer; force landed Charleroi, Bel; 97m, repaired & ret...

  • 42-107160 Little Joe

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 9/3/44. Kearney 22/3/44. Grenier 6/4/44. Assigned 562BS/388BG [S] Knettishall 20/4/44. Missing in Action Berlin 19 May 1944 with William T. White, Co-pilot: Charles A. Ludwig, Navigator: John D. Bowser, Bombardier: John Pakiz, Flight...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-30595 'Gremlin Gus II' "Olin's 69'ers"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/6/43; Smoky Hill 13/7/43; Kearney 16/7/43; Dow Fd 19/7/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 20/7/43; (34m) transferred Aphrodite project as OLIN'S 69'ERS; when War Weary, fuselage cut down and vehicle windshield fitted before open...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-31386 'Sky Duster'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/10/43; Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-W] Molesworth 18/1/44; Missing in Action Berlin (36m) 19/5/44 with Ernie Roth, Navigator: George Bays, Bombardier: Herman Moening, Radio Operator: Earl Buckingham, Ball turret gunner: Ralph...

  • 42-31410 Berlin Bessie, I Dood It

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 31/10/43; Kearney 13/11/43; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-G] Horham 1/1/44; flak damage Berlin 6/10/44 with Lester Lennox, Co-pilot: Bob McCoy (2 Returned to Duty); Navigator: Bill Tate, Bombardier: Dick White, Flight engineer/top turret...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
20 May 2015 14:01:55 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:06 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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