Skip to main content
Edit entry 

720

21 November 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

2.

Description

SCREENING MISSION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

3. APOLDA

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

4. BIELEFELD

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

5. FRIEDBURG

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG MISSION NO. 149: FRIEDBERG, GERMANY : 21 NOVEMBER, 1944

Although Merseburg was the briefed target, unfavorable weather conditions caused the Group to abandon the original plan and attack a target of opportunity. Major Syptak, Air Commander of the 94th A Combat Wing, led the Group with Captain Seesenguth as pilot, flying seventh in the Division formation, as briefed. Division assembly was loose, but the Group assumed its approximate position.

At the Dutch Coast, a significant amount of flak made it necessary for the preceding groups to "S" on course. The 94th A Combat Wing continued on its briefed course and advanced in front of its briefed position, becoming fourth instead of seventh. The course over enemy territory was flown approximately as briefed. Approximately ten minutes before the IP, the Group encountered cloud conditions extending up to 30,000 feet. The Group leader decided to get below the clouds. At approximately 21,000 feet, another group of B-17s coming from about 45 degrees "shuffled the deck".

The leader believed that all aircraft were now separated. The PFF equipment was not functioning satisfactorily and the operator reported it would be difficult to make the briefed mn. It was then decided to reassemble. The low squadron was not too far distant and assembled successfully. The high squadron, being separated, continued on its course toward the target. Although the primary target area was visible, weather conditions were extremely bad. Bombs were released. Results were not observed.

In the meantime, the other two squadrons began a search for a target of opportunity and deviated considerably from the briefed course. Bombs were released on Fnedberg, making an indistinguishable pattern 2,000 feet east of the marshalling yard located there.

Although flak had been encountered at the target, it was meager and inaccurate and no aircraft were lost. Flak was encountered at Cromer on the return to England; however, it caused no damage

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

6. GIESSEN

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

7. HAMBURG

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

8. HAMBURG/DPAG

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

A mix of 177 P-47 and P-51s provide escort. Mix not given in available data.

Mission Statistics

9. HAMBURG/RHENANIA

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

10. HERSFELD

Description

AUTOBAHN

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

11. HERSFELD

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

12. HUNDFELD

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

13. KOBLENZ

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

14. LEEUWARDEN

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

15. LENDORF

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

16. LINGEN

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

17. MEPPIN

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

18. MERSEBURG

Description

FLAK GUN BATTERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

19. MERSEBURG/LEUNA

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

20. QUAKENBRUCK

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

21. STERKRADE

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Cloud cover prevents bombing of these targets

Mission Statistics

22. WETZLAR

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Service

People

  • Gail Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 385th Bomb Group
    S/Sgt Gail E. Anderson Jr was Tail Gunner on board 43-38566 on the 21 November 1944 mission. That plane was involved in a mid-air collision with another 550th Squadron aircraft, 43-38270. Anderson and 6 others of the 9-man crew on 43-38566 returned to...

  • George Bachman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | B17 Engineer | 96th Bomb Group
    Parents: George and Pauline (Matthias) Bachman they were married in March 1911 ...

  • Johnnie Bevilacqua

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 385th Bomb Group
    Johnnie Bevilacqua was on board 43-38566 on the 21 November 1944 mission. That plane was involved in a mid-air collision with another 550th Squadron aircraft, 43-38270. Johnnie Bevilacqua and 6 others of the 9-man crew on 43-38566 returned to base, but...

  • Jackie Bishop

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 466th Bomb Group

  • Donald Bourlier

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Merseburg, aboard B-17G 43-38705 murdered by German civilians near Frankleben, according Swiss Red Cross report. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 11199. Awards: AM (2OLC), PH.

  • Donald Bremer

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 566BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Fatal mid-air collision with B-24 44-10513 during formation assembly near Carleton Rode, 21-Nov-44. Killed in Action (KIA) Awards: PH.

  • Walter Brewer

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 566BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Fatal mid-air collision with B-24 44-10513 during formation assembly near Carleton Rode, 21-Nov-44. Killed in Action (KIA) Awards: AM (OLC), PH.

  • David Bridgers

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • Alfred Brooks

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 566BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Survived mid-air collision with B-24 44-10513 during formation assembly near Carleton Rode, 21-Nov-44. Sole survivor from A/C. RTD Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • William Bryan

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 96th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) at Poye in B-17 #4337792

Show more

Aircraft

  • 42-31582 Ol' Scrapiron

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; Paine Fd 28/11/43; Toledo 1/12/43; Felts Fd 4/12/43; Gt falls 5/12/43; Cheyenne 7/12/43; Kearney 19/12/43; Detroit 8/1/44; Montreal 10/1/44; Presque 12/1/44; Assigned 711BS/447BG Rattlesden 23/1/44. ...

  • 42-31600 'Spirit Of New Mexico' aka 'Uncle'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 28/11/43; Kearney 15/12/43; San Bernardino 20/12/43; Grenier 21/12/43; Presque Is 23/12/32; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-T] Horham 2/1/44 PRIDE OF NEW MEXICO; 335BS [OE-M]; 91m, Missing in Action Osnabruck 21/11/44 with Roy Schoaf, Co-pilot...

  • 43-38270

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 14/7/44; Hunter 22/7/44; Dow Fd 4/8/44; Assigned 390BG Framlingham 4/8/44; transferred 549BS/385BG [SG- ] Gt Ashfield 5/8/44. Mid-air collision with 43-38566 on the mission to Osnabruck 21/11/44 with pilot James S. Webb; Co-pilot...

  • 43-38705

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Gt Falls 6/9/44; Lincoln 13/9/44; Grenier 19/9/44; Assigned 360BS/303BG [PU-B] Molesworth 20/9/44; Missing in Action Merseburg 21/11/44 with Peter Cureton, Stonewall Raley, Ben Dubois, Carl Ulrich, Don Bourlier, Joe Burford, Lew McCormick,...

  • 44-10513 'Old Glory'

    B-24 Liberator
    Involved in a mid-air collision with another 389th BG aircraft 42-50452 during formation assembly near Carleton Rode, on 21 November 1944.

  • 44-6104 Homing Pidgeon

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 4/5/44; Kearney 11/5/44; Grenier 26/5/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-N] Deenethorpe 1/6/44 ...

  • 42-50452 'Earthquake McGoon'

    B-24 Liberator
    Involved in a mid-air collision with another 389th BG aircraft 44-10513 during formation assembly near Carleton Rode, on 21 November 1944. The pilot of EARTHQUAKE MCGOON on this day was Lt. Alfred Brooks. Brooks was the only survivor from his aircraft....

  • 42-95109 Shamrock

    B-24 Liberator
    8th AF, 2nd AD, 96th CBW, 466th BG, 784th BS This a/c was H2X equipped and used as PFF lead plane on missions 113-230 by: 418 - Purcell (113-143) 464 - Johnson 684 - Grey Reventment #53, Attlebridge Sta. 120

  • 44-13893 'Caroline'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 370FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF.

  • 44-14521 'Rayner Shine'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 370FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
19 June 2018 13:53:02 Richard412 Changes to media associations
Sources

Denise "Flynn" Frohm - John's daughter

Date Contributor Update
29 April 2015 10:21:50 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:08 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

Share