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VIII Air Support Command 55

9 September 1943

Official description

Not yet known

Description

The coastal defenses along the French coast near Boulogne are the targets for 217 B-26s from: 322BG (54); 323BG (54); 386BG (55) and 387BG (54). These operational capacity of each of these Groups has been increased by 50%. 202 aircraft are effective on their targets. 3 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR)-17KIA 2POW and 2 others are Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR)one in a crash at takeoff 5KIA 1RTD and another battle damaged one in a crashlanding upon return-6RTD. 21 others are damaged. 8 airmen are Wounded in Action (WIA).

Mission details

1. BOULOGNE

Description

COASTAL DEFENSES

Aircraft type

B-26 Marauder

Notes

386th (?) Bomb Group has one crash on take-off because of fog. 387th Bomb Group has one crash-land on return - pilot injured.

Units

  • 322nd Bomb Group

    322nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 322nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) was activated on 19-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida with B-26B Marauder aircraft. In late September 1942 the unit moved to Drane Field, Florida. The Ground echelon sailed for the UK aboard the Queen Elizabeth...

  • 323rd Bomb Group

    323rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 323rd Bombardment Group operated with B-26 Marauders, American medium bombers. They were the first Eighth Air Force Group to fly a medium level bombing mission with this aircraft on 16 July 1943. After flying a total of 33 missions with the Eighth,...

  • 386th Bomb Group

    386th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 386th Bomb Group flew B-26 Marauders for the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces. Whilst with the Eighth, the Group developed the formation release procedure for the B-26 on missions that targeted aerodromes, marshalling yards and V-weapon sites along the...

  • 387th Bomb Group

    387th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 387th Bomb Group flew just under thirty missions with the Eighth Air Force before being transferred to the Ninth Air Force in October 1943. The Group remained at Chipping Ongar, Essex after being reassigned and continued to hit targets in France....

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 217
Number of aircraft Effective 202
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 3
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 2
Number of aircraft Damaged 24
Number of people Killed In Action 22
Number of people Wounded in Action 8
Number of people Prisoners of War 2
Number of people Returned To Duty 7

Service

People

  • Philip Brinson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 322nd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26B 41-18058 [ER:S] 322BG/450BS while serving as Tail Gunner. The aircraft was hit by flak on mission to Boulogne, France. Engine damaged by hit, aircraft flipped over and crashed into the English Channel. The 322nd was...

  • Edgar Brown

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 9-Sep-43 in B-26B 41-31908 [FW:U] 387BG/556BS while serving as Pilot. The aircraft was severly damaged by AA fire and crashed into the English Channel about a miles west of the target at Boulogne, France. The 322nd was moved to...

  • Joseph Bruck

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 386th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26C-15-MA 41-34958 'Hazard' [RG;F] while serving as Co-Pilot. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft was cut in half by flak in target area of Boulogne, France and crashed there 386th BG was part of the 8th BG from July-October 1943.

  • Acle Caywood

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 387th Bomb Group
    Seriously injured in B-26B #41-31697 "Duck Butt" [TQ:R] 387BG/559BS while serving as Tail Gunner. The aircraft struck a tree and crashed on instrument takeoff on mission to Boulogne, France. The bomb load exploded. By some miracle he was saved from the...

  • Calvin Chalker

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    Killed on Mission (KOM). B-26B #41-31697 "Duck Butt" [TQ:R] 387BG/559BS while serving as Co-Pilot. The aircrat crashed on instrument takeoff and struck a tree while departing on mission to Boulogne, rance. Bomb load exploded. Only the Tail Gunner...

  • William Coffey

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator/Bombardier | 386th Bomb Group
    Killed in ACtion (KIA) in B-26C-15-MA 41-34958 'Hazard' [RG:F] 386BG/552BS while serving as Navigator/Bombardier. The aircraft was cut in half by flak in target area of Boulogne, France and crashed there. 386th BG was part of the 8th BG from July...

  • Leslie Colby

    Military | Flight Officer | Co-Pilot | 322nd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26B 41-18058 [ER:S] 322BG/450BS while serving as Co-Pilot. The aircraft was hit by flak on mission to Boulogne, France. Engine damaged by hit, aircraft flipped and went into the English Channel . The 322nd was moved to the...

  • Stephen Danforth

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 386th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26C-15-MA 41-34958 'Hazard' [RG:F] 386BG/552BS while serving as Pilot. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft was cut in half by flak in target area of Boulogne, France and crashed there. 386th BG was part of the 8th BG from July-October...

  • Robert Edwards

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Cameraman | 25th Bomb Group
    On his second mission when bomber shot down over Boulogne, France. Given FOD after year and a day. ...

  • James Guiliano

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 322nd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26B 41-18058 [ER:S] the aircraft was hit by flak on mission to Boulogne, France. Engine damaged by hit, aircraft flipped and crashed into the English Channel. His remains washed up on the shore on 26-Sep-43 and buried by the...

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Aircraft

  • 41-31697 Duck Butt

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-20-MA #41-31697 "Duck Butt" [TQ:R] was assigned to the 387BG/559BS at Chipping Ongar, UK. On 9-Sep-43 it was being piloted by 1LT Elwood R. McClendon. 1LT McClendon attempted to take off with a full bomb load in dense fog on instruments. He...

  • 41-31908

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-30-MA 41-31908 [FW:U] was assigned to the 387BG/556BS at Chipping Ongar, UK. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft participated with 217 other B-26s in attacking the coastal defenses in and aroung Boulogne, France. During the attack the aircraft was severly...

  • 41-34958 Hazard

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26C-15-MA 41-34958 "Hazard" [RG:F] was assigned to the 386BG/552BS at Boxtred, UK. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft was shot down by a direct hit of anit-aircraft fire while attacking the coastal defenses around Boulogne, France. 4 of the crew were killed,...

  • 41-18058

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-4-MA 41-18058 [ER:S] was assigned to the 322BG/450BS at Andrews Field, UK. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft was struck by flak over the target of the coastal defenses near Boulogne, France. The aircraft entered a spin, rolled on its back and crashed into...

  • 41-31911

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-30-MA 41-31911 was assigned to 387BG at Chipping Ongar, UK. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft, piloted by Lt Thomas Alford sustained damage form flak over the target at Boulogne, Fracnce. Lt Alford managed to fly the aircraft back to England and...

  • 41-31755 'Ye Olde Crocke'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 554BS, 386BG, 9AF USAAF. Written off after crash-landing in France on 7-Oct-44.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 June 2015 17:44:39 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Jun-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:15 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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